Are ageing workforces beneficial or a challenge for UK businesses?

The UK population isn’t just getting larger, but it’s ageing too according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS). The ONS has discovered that the nation’s population totalled to 65.6 million in 2016, which is highest ever tally, and they also stated that 18% of the population were 65+ and 2.4% were 85+.

So with this in mind, how should employers across the nation view an ageing workforce?

The UK workplaces’ views on an ageing workforce
A survey that involved 500 UK employers was published by the Centre for Ageing Better, and it revealed that many organisations across the country are unprepared to manage an ageing workforce. In fact, 24% of those involved in the study admitted that they weren’t ready to welcome a growing number of older workers and only 20% were currently discussing an ageing workforce strategically in the workplace.

Age diversity has been proving to be a challenge to manage according to 20% of the employers who took the survey. Meanwhile, 12% of older employees felt uncomfortable carrying out tasks under younger managers and 10% said the same when the roles were reversed. However, just 33% of the employers involved in the survey stated that they were looking to manage age diversity by giving training, guidance or support to managers in their business.

“The UK workforce is changing — and employers need to catch up,” says Patrick Thomson who is the Centre for Ageing Better’s lead on age-friendly employment. “Improving policy and practice, tackling age bias and creating an age-friendly workplace culture is vital to ensuring that people can work for as long as they want to.”

Prime Minister, Theresa May had shared a similar view, during her speech on science and modern industrial strategy, she stated that employers across the UK have to play their part in meeting the nations ‘grand challenges’ when it comes to supporting older employees, highlighting that these members of staff have the right to “enjoy the emotional and physical benefits of having a job if they want one”.

Anna Dixon, the chief executive of The Centre for Ageing Better, supports the PM’s views. As we live longer, we also need to work for longer,” she pointed out. “All employers need to adopt age-inclusive practices. Too many older workers are leaving the labour market prematurely at great cost to them personally, as well as the state.”

Acknowledging the challenges of an ageing workforce
Employing an ageing workforce doesn’t come without it’s challenges. Depending on the job, for example, some employees will be required to work differently or in another type of capacity as they get older — employers should, and sometimes may be legally obliged — to support these changes by providing older staff members with alternative arrangements or opportunities to develop and learn new skills.

The views of retirement have changed across the UK. While in the past it wasn’t uncommon just to finish your 9-5 job and retire immediately, now a lot of older members of staff are looking to scale back their hours and reduce their number of responsibilities in the workplace gradually as they approach — and sometimes go past — their retirement age. Employers should be aiming to support employees if this is the path they want their career routes to take.

NHS Employers noted: “Employers who help their staff to make plans for their future career and retirement at an early stage, including consideration of flexible retirement options, have most success in retaining older workers and enabling them to work effectively.”

Are you an employer? These findings from a survey by trade union members of the NHS should help you to pinpoint some other key issues regarding having an ageing workforce:

  • More than 80% of members were concerned that their physical and/or emotional health will be impacted if they had to work longer — could you offer staff members the opportunity to work shorter hours, or the chance to work from home, as they age? Furthermore, could you look to install disabled stairlifts depending on the setup of your workplace, which could be beneficial both to employees with disabilities and for supporting an older workforce so they can still perform their job duties?
  • More than 75% of members were concerned they would be unable to continue working in their current roles at the pace required, as well as worried that their performance levels would suffer an evident drop as a result of them getting older — could you offer staff members less strenuous jobs within a company as they age?
  • Much less than half of the members were of the belief that their employer valued older members of staff — are you offering incentives to all your workforce, and not just newcomers?
  • Under 34% of members were of the belief that their employer offered flexible work in a fair manner — is it time to review your company’s shift patterns and how the workload is being distributed?

Why businesses should view an ageing workforce in a positive light
Businesses can benefit from an ageing workforce in so many ways. For instance, people who have been at a company or even just within an industry for a long period of time will, obviously, bring so much valuable experience and knowledge of a firm’s products and services. This expertise can be shared among older members of staff to individuals who are just taking their first tentative steps into the world of work.

A team that contains various ages within it, will be a group who will share many different views too. This diversity should deliver a company with plenty of fresh perspectives, a whole host of ideas, and problem-solving tactics that probably would be missed if only one generation dominated a workplace.

Not to mention your customers would benefit from it too. We mentioned at the start of this article that the UK’s population is getting older, which means that your customer base will be ageing too. By having members of your workforce who understand and relate to the older groups in your target audience, they will be able to assist your business by ensuring the firm remains relevant to these older consumers. What’s more, they will be able to provide empathy and insight into how your deliver customer service to this demographic.

Sources:

https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/articles/overviewoftheukpopulation/july2017

https://www.ageing-better.org.uk/news/uk-employers-unprepared-ageing-workforce

https://www.peoplemanagement.co.uk/news/articles/employers-support-ageing-workforce

http://www.acas.org.uk/index.aspx?articleid=5919

http://www.nhsemployers.org/your-workforce/need-to-know/working-longer-group/working-longer-group-tools-and-resources/the-ageing-workforce-a-resource-for-staff-and-their-representatives/an-ageing-workforce-the-key-issues